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SOURCE:    Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2021. № 11. P. 2294-2298.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Historical Sciences and Archeology
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Restoration of Fides Cult during Caesar Augustus' Reign

Golikova Maria Sergeevna
Moscow State Linguistic University

Submitted: 09.10.2021
Abstract. The paper examines Fides (Fidelity) cult rituals during Caesar Augustus' reign. The author describes a poorly investigated period of Fides cult, analyzes its ritual practices, which constitutes scientific originality of the study. As a result, it is proved that annual Fides celebration was on the verge of disappearance due to the absence of a high priest of Jupiter - flamen Dialis - and partial destruction of the temple. The ceremony was not conducted in accordance with archaic tradition. Augustus' reforms included the following measures: he conducted the ceremony as pontifex maximus (greatest priest), restored the sanctuary, appointed a new high priest of Jupiter ( flamen Dialis) . Fides (Fidelity) occupied a significant place in Roman socio-political life during the I century B.C. Revival of Fides cults contributed to the conception of "Golden Age" that began due to Caesar Augustus.
Key words and phrases: Октавиан Август, богиня Верности, культ Фидес, золотой век, ранний принципат, Caesar Augustus, goddess Fides, Fides cult, Golden Age, early Principate
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