GRAMOTA Publishers suggests publishing your scientific articles in periodicals
Pan-ArtPedagogy. Theory & PracticePhilology. Theory & PracticeManuscript

Archive of Scientific Articles

SOURCE:    Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2021. № 12. P. 2624-2627.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Historical Sciences and Archeology
Procedure of Scientific Articles Publication | To Show Issue Content | To Show All Articles in Section | Subject Index

License Agreement on scientific materials use.

Scholia on Aristophanes' Comedy "Peace" (Lines 605-606) and Other Ancient Sources on Phidias’ Death

Larionova Natalia Bogdanovna
Moscow State Linguistic University; I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Submitted: 21.09.2021
Abstract. The research objective is as follows: the paper tries to answer the question why scholiasts on Aristophanes' comedy "Peace" differ from other ancient authors in their description of Phidias’ death. The testimonies of Aristophanes (V century B.C.), Diodorus of Sicily (I century B.C.), Plutarch (I-II centuries A.D.) contradict the testimony of an anonymous scholiast who left his commentary on the margins and quoted the ancient historian Philochore (IV-III century B.C.). Aristophanes, Diodorus of Sicily and Plutarch associate Phidias' trial with Megarians’ removal from Athenian market, while the scholiast argues that these events are separated in time by seven years. The scholiast also argues that Phidias was murdered by Eleians, this assertion contradicts Plutarch’s opinion according to which Phidias died in Athenian prison. The article provides Russian translations of two scholia; Philochore’s original texts and scholiasts’ comments are highlighted. The researcher shows the fictional nature of scholia on Phidias’ murder in Eleia, which is not justified by historical sources. Scientific originality of the study involves clarifying the contradictions regarding the circumstances of Phidias’ death. As a result, it is shown that Philochore’s original text does not contradict the testimonies of Aristophanes, Diodorus of Sicily and Plutarch concerning the date and circumstances of Phidias' trial. This confusion occurred due to scholiasts who introduced their comments on the issue into Philochore’s text.
Key words and phrases: Фидий, Аристофан, статуя Афины Парфенос, статуя Зевса Олимпийского, античность, Phidias, Aristophanes, Athena Parthenos, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, antiquity
Open the whole article in PDF format. Free PDF-files viewer can be downloaded here.
  1. Mynda N. B. Religioznyi status potomkov Fidiya kak svidetel'stvo vysokogo obshchestvennogo polozheniya velikogo mastera // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo lingvisticheskogo universiteta. Seriya "Filosofiya i kul'turologiya". 2013. № 11 (671).
  2. Donnay G. La date du process des Phidias // L'Antiquit? Classique. 1968. № 37 (1).
  3. Fisher K. T., Vogel F. Diodori bibliotheca historica: in 5 vols. Leipzig: Teubner, 1888. Vol. 2.
  4. Holwerda D. Scholia in Vespas, Pacem, Aves et Lysistratam (Scholia in Aristophanem 2.2). Groningen: Bouma, 1982.
  5. Jacoby F. Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker (FGrH): in 15 vols. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1923. Vol. 2.
  6. Lendle O. Philochoros ?ber den Proze? des Phidias // Hermes. 1955. № 83.
  7. Olympia / ed. by A. Mallwitz, W. Schiering. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1964.
  8. Pausaniae. Graeciae descriptio / edidit, graeca emendavit, apparatum criticum adiecit Hermannus Hitzig. Lipsiae: O. R. Reisland, 1901. Voluminis secundi pars prior.
  9. Wilson N. G. Aristophanis Fabulae: in 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Vol. 1.
  10. Ziegler K. Plutarchi vitae parallelae: in 4 vols. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1964. Vol. 2, fasc. 2.

Procedure of Scientific Articles Publication | To Show Issue Content | To Show All Articles in Section | Subject Index

© 2006-2024 GRAMOTA Publishers

site development and search engine optimization (seo):