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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2021. 2. P. 251-257.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/mns210063

Polemics of the 1830-1840s on Railway Transport Role in Russias Social and Economic Development

Kolpakov Petr Aleksandrovich
Management Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia


Submitted: 14.01.2021.
Abstract. The paper reveals historical prerequisites for establishing railways in the Russian Empire in the XIX century. Scientific originality of the study lies in the fact that the author for the first time analyses the political elites views on the following issues: prospects for railway construction and potential influence of railways on the Russian economy and military potential. The findings indicate that railway transport wasnt initially considered as a basis of economic and military development. The need for large-scale investments and doubts concerning efficiency of railways - such were the arguments of political figures who opposed establishment of railways in Russia in the reign of Nicholas I. The sovereigns decision based on expert opinion and foreign experience promoted Russias development as a railway empire.
Key words and phrases: , , , , I, railway transport, strategic development, Tsarskoye Selo railway, Nikolaevskaya railway, Nicholas I.
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