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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2021. № 3. P. 444-451.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/mns210101

Symbolics and Functions of Autumn Festival Ritual Food of the Karachay-Balkar People (the XIX - Early XX Century)

Khadzhieva Madina Khamitovna, Adzhieva Laura Alievna
Karachai-Cherkess Institute for the Humanities

Umar Aliev Karachai-Cherkess State University


Submitted: 24.05.2020.
Abstract. The paper analyses symbolic functions of the Karachay-Balkar ritual food associated with autumn holidays at the end of the agricultural year. The study covers the period from the XIX till the beginning of the XX century. Scientific originality of the research lies in the fact that the traditional Karachay-Balkar food is considered as a special kind of sacred food. The conducted analysis allows concluding that seasonal food rituals have an economic basis, clearly reveal human dependence on seasons and climate, represent specificity of ethnic worldview. Ritual food is not just food, but an offering to the God, lords of the elements and ancestors. This ritual serves to ensure fertility, happiness and welfare.
Key words and phrases: календарные обряды и ритуалы, ритуальные функции пищи, символика пищи, жертвоприношения и дары, духи предков, боги, покровители стихий, карачаево-балкарцы, Северо-Западный Кавказ, calendar rites and rituals, ritual functions of food, food symbolism, sacrifices and offerings, spirits of ancestors, gods, lords of the elements, Karachay-Balkar people, North-Western Caucasus.
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