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SOURCE:   Almanac of Modern Science and Education. Tambov: Gramota, 2014. № 8. P. 111-114.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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TYPES OF THE GERMAN RIDDLES

Mel'nikova Elena Vladimirovna
Yurga Technological Institute (Branch) of Tomsk Polytechnic University


Abstract. The article presents the main types of the German riddles: language riddles (Sprachr?tsel), counting riddles (Rechenr?tsel), riddles-drawings or rebuses (Bilderr?tsel, Rebusse). Particular attention is paid to language riddles as the most ancient and numerous type of riddles, which, in its turn, is divided into subject (Sachr?tsel) and verbal riddles (Wortr?tsel). Among verbal riddles one can distinguish letter riddles (Buchstabenr?tsel), anagrams (Anagramm), palindromes (Palindrom), charades (Scharade or Silbenr?tsel), aritmogrifs (Aritmogriph), riddles based on polysemy or homonymy (Homonymr?tsel).
Key words and phrases: языковые загадки, счётные загадки, загадки-рисунки или ребусы, предметные загадки, словесные загадки, анаграммы, палиндромы, шарады, аритмогрифы, language riddles, counting riddles, riddles-drawings or rebuses, subject riddles, verbal riddles, anagrams, palindromes, charades, aritmogrifs.
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References:
  1. Arndt M. Fingerspiele und R?tsel f?r Vorschulkinder. Berlin, 1989. 296 S.
  2. Duden - das gro?e W?rterbuch der deutschen Sprache: in 6 Bd. Mannheim - Wien - Z?rich, 1976. 886 S.
  3. Spittel O. R. Kleines R?tselbuch f?r Kinder: 538 R?tsel. Berlin, 1988. 166 S.

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