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SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. № 8. P. 150-154.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/filnauki.2020.8.29

Syntactic Position of Object in the Abaza Language

Pazov Sergey Umarovich, Pazova Lilia Kashifovna
U. D. Aliyev Karachay-Cherkess State University


Submitted: 19.05.2020.
Abstract. The study aims to identify the position of the direct and indirect object in a simple sentence of the Abaza language, in which grammatical relations of the subject, object and predicate are formed by using class-personal affixes determining a syntactic status of sentence members. Scientific originality of the paper lies in the fact that the authors describe all possible syntactic positions of the object in the Abaza language. The following conclusions are justified: 1) with a transitive predicative verb, the direct object precedes or follows the predicate, and the indirect object occupies a syntactic position between the subject and direct object; 2) with an intransitive predicative verb, the indirect object occupies a syntactic position between the subject and predicate; 3) a syntactic position of the object often depends on actual division of a sentence, rhyme. Such cases are also described in the article.
Key words and phrases: абазинский язык, простое предложение, сказуемое, подлежащее, дополнение, классно-личные форманты, грамматические связи членов предложения, Abaza language, simple sentence, predicate, subject, object, class-personal formants, grammatical relations of sentence members.
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