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SOURCE:    Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2021. № 11. P. 3303-3307.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philological Sciences
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Poem Genre Development Features in Tatar Literature in the First Half of the 1920s

Nadyrshina Leysan Radifovna
G. Ibragimov Institute of Language, Literature and Art, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences

Submitted: 08.10.2021
Abstract. The purpose of the study is to identify the main trends of the poem genre development in Tatar literature in the first half of the 1920s. Scientific novelty of the paper lies in the fact that it considers the poems of the said period as a part of a continuous literary process and in this vein, examines in a more detailed manner the issues of preservation and development of lyrico-epic traditions in the early XX century, as well as ideological and problematic, thematic and poetic features stemming from the change in cultural and historical orientations. As a result, the researcher has proved that the development of the Tatar poem during this period follows the trajectory from transitional works that preserved the poetic traditions of the early XX century to poems with social-political pathos and content that meets ideological regulations, which requires searching for a new form. As the analysis of F. Burnash’s poems shows, new ideological attitudes are reflected in transitional poems only in the motivic system and the idea of the works. H. Taktash’s and H. Tufan’s poems possess the characteristic features of the emerging invariant of the Tatar poem: juxtaposition of the old and new worlds, use of revolutionary symbolism, predominance of colloquial and declamatory versification, etc.
Key words and phrases: татарская поэзия, советская литература, идеал, тема, поэтика, Tatar poetry, Soviet literature, ideal, theme, poetics
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