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SOURCE:    Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2022. № 11. P. 3636-3640.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philological Sciences
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Dysphemy of Foreign Words of the Russian Language with a Figurative Meaning

Shishova Elena Vitalievna
The Kazan Branch of the Russian State University of Justice

Submitted: 16.10.2022
Abstract. The existing differentiation of stylistic labels is too varying in dictionaries. Most of lexical units are given without any special usual attributions, i.e. in a neutral form. Nevertheless, a person’s speech is permeated with their personal perception, attitude to the surrounding world, therefore, lexical units cannot remain neutral. The usage will help to qualify them according to the axiological scale of the normative attitude, thus, the study aims to determine the grounds on which a part of lexical material from lexicographic sources can be attributed to usual dysphemisms. Scientific novelty of the study lies in presenting lexicographic material depending on its qualification based on methods of communicative behaviour. As a result, it has been proved that it is possible to distribute lexemes of the Russian language according to ways of dialoguing depending on the assessment of usual results. It seems that it is possible to rank lexical material before moving to its contextual consideration, when it violates the requirements of situational relevance.
Key words and phrases: дисфемия, дисфемизм, иностранные слова русского языка, переносное значение слова, пейорация, dysphemy, dysphemism, foreign words of the Russian language, figurative meaning of the word, pejoration
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