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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. є 10. P. 72-76.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2020.10.14

Democracy as Distinctive Feature of Quasi-Judicial Institutions of the 1920s in the Period of New Economic Policy

Fakurdinova Alla Gennadievna



Submitted: 16.09.2020.
Abstract. The article considers principles of organizing quasi-judicial institutions established all over the country in the early years of New Economic Policy. The research objectives are as follows: to identify and describe features of democracy in Soviet institutions. The author focuses on studying activity of comradesТ courts, land commissions, courts of conciliation and rural courts of conciliation, rate-and-dispute commissions established on democratic principles, avoiding governmentalisation. Scientific originality of the paper lies in the fact that the researcher for the first time analyses normative legal acts regulating activity of the mentioned institutions, examines archival documents describing process of their formation in Tambov province. The conducted research allows concluding that activity of quasi-judicial institutions was equally associated with democracy and ideological indoctrination. The author shows how quasi-judicial institutions of the 1920s correlate with the existing alternative forms of conflict resolution.
Key words and phrases: квазисудебные органы, товарищеский суд, земельные комиссии, расценочно-конфликтные комиссии, сельские примирительные камеры, демократизм, нэп, quasi-judicial institutions, comradesТ court, land commissions, rate-and-dispute commissions, rural courts of conciliation, democracy, New Economic Policy.
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