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SOURCE:    Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. № 10. P. 172-175.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philosophical Sciences
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Rational Understanding of Time in Medieval Culture

Penionzhek Evgeniia Vladimirovna
Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

Submitted: 13.09.2020
Abstract. The paper traces formation of temporal, historiosophical and anthropological conceptions in medieval culture. The author justifies the thesis that systematic theology of the Alexandrian school served as a basis for patristic philosophy development. Methodological prerequisites for rational medieval worldview formation are revealed. Scientific originality of the study involves analysing anthropological and temporal conceptions of Saint Augustine and Dionysius the Areopagite who, allegorically interpreting biblical texts, aspired to develop rational understanding of time as a source of existence. The research findings are as follows: the author proves that the Western Father of the Church considers time as a linear concept, within which the place of a human being is strictly determined, whereas the Eastern Father of the Church considers time as an element of existence, where a human seeks to unite with the God as the end of history.
Key words and phrases: патристика, средневековый рационализм, время, историософия, человек, patristics, medieval rationalism, time, historiosophy, human being
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