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SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. № 8. P. 118-122.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/filnauki.2020.8.23

Answers-Assumptions as Special Type of Answers: Structural-Semantic and Functional-Pragmatic Aspects

Galanova Ekaterina Mikhailovna
Lomonosov Moscow State University (Branch) in Sevastopol


Submitted: 28.05.2020.
Abstract. The paper aims to reveal functional specificity of answers-assumptions, to identify the means of expressing their "assumption" semantics. Scientific originality of the study lies in the fact that the author introduces the terms "modus answer", "answer-assumption" into scientific circulation. The research material includes dialogic unities obtained from educational dialogues and the "Smart Boys and Girls" program. The research findings are as follows: the author describes functional-pragmatic peculiarities of answers-assumptions (special function includes expressing assumption in a situation where the respondent does not know the exact answer but offers a possible answer to the question; the inquirer possesses the required information, his goal is to check the respondent’s knowledge). Semantics of assumption is realized in answers containing the following components: introductory words and word combinations / introductory sentences expressing a low degree of certainty; means of expressing uncertainty (indefinite pronouns, indication of uncertainty in quantity); alternative conjunction or ; echo-questions. Moreover, the author identifies the linguistic means used to express the respondent’s uncertainty: a) means indicating that the respondent has forgotten relevant information; b) means of expressing ignorance.
Key words and phrases: ответы-предположения, диалогические единства, структура ответов, функции ответов, семантика ответа-предположения, прагматика ответов, answers-assumptions, dialogic unities, structure of answers, functions of answers, semantics of answer-assumption, pragmatics of answers.
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